Cash flow modelling as part of the financial planning process is also vital if financial goals are to be achieved, such as repaying your mortgage, buying a holiday home, paying for school and university fees and being able to retire when you want to.
It is also important that you have sufficient funds for emergencies to provide for unexpected expenses, such as a job loss or long-term illness. In order to develop your financial plan, you also need clarity over your goals, your objectives and your motivations.
An integral part of the financial planning process includes cash flow modelling. It gives you a graphic representation of your financial future and an insight into how life events will have an impact. This illustrates what might happen to your finances in the future and enables you to plan to ensure that you make the most of your money to achieve your financial objectives.
Key to this is analysis based on your goals and desired future lifestyle. How much is enough money for every scenario? Can you afford to retire early and still live the life you want? What impact will choices made today have on your lifestyle in the future?
Clarity over your goals
In order to develop your financial plan, you need clarity over your goals, your objectives and your motivations. Cash flow modelling illustrates what might happen to your finances in the future and enables you to plan to ensure that you make the most of your money and achieve your financial objectives.
Your preferred position
It is about strategically using money to not only live your life but to create more income sources for yourself. Cash flow modelling enables you to become and remain financially well organised, determine your lifetime goals, create a lifetime cash flow plan and control tax liabilities. It focuses on where your money needs to go to fulfil your future goals.
The process shows your current position relative to your preferred position and your goals by assessing your current and forecasted wealth, along with income inflows and expenditure outflows to create a picture of your finances, both now and in the future.
Visualise your financial future
This detailed picture of your assets includes investments, debts, income and expenditure, which are projected forward, year by year, using calculated rates of growth, income, inflation, wage rises and interest rates.
In order to implement a detailed plan that outlines how to deliver your financial future, communication is vital. The process and planning is only as good and as comprehensive as the information provided.
The right asset allocation mix
Cash flow modelling determines what recommendations and best course of action are appropriate for your particular situation and the right asset allocation mix. The growth rate you require is calculated to meet your investment objectives. This rate is then cross referenced with your attitude to risk to ensure your expectations are realistic and compatible with the asset allocation needed to achieve the necessary growth rate.
Where this approach becomes particularly useful is the analysis of different scenarios based on decisions you may make – this could be lifestyle choices or perhaps investment decisions. By matching your present and expected future liabilities with your income and capital, recommendations can be made to ensure that do not run out of money throughout your life.
Achieve the necessary growth rate
Cash flow modelling software helps you to visualise your financial future with easy-to-understand charts and graphs. The growth rate you require is calculated to meet your investment objectives. This rate is then cross-referenced with your attitude to investment risk to ensure your expectations are realistic and compatible with the asset allocation needed to achieve the necessary growth rate.
Where cash flow modelling becomes particularly useful is the analysis of different scenarios based on decisions you may make – this could be lifestyle choices or perhaps investment decisions. By matching your present and expected future liabilities with your income and capital, recommendations can be made to ensure you know what action to take throughout your life.
Regular reviews and reassessments
A snapshot in time is taken of your finances. The calculated rates of growth, income, tax and so on are used to form the basis of your cash flow modelling analysis. Therefore, regular reviews and reassessments are essential to ensure your goals remain on track.
Nearly all decisions are based on what is contained within the cash flow forecast. This can range from how much to save and spend to how funds should be invested to achieve the required return, so there is a lot that needs to be managed.
Do you have a forecast of your finances for every year of your life? A lifetime cash flow forecast should enable you to:
- Produce a clear and detailed summary of your financial arrangements
- Define your family’s version of the good life and begin working towards it
- Work towards achieving and maintaining financial independence
- Ensure adequate provision is made for the financial consequences of the death or disablement of you or your partner
- Plan to minimise your tax liabilities
- Produce an analysis of your personal expenditure planning assumptions, balancing your cash inflows and your desired cash outflows
- Estimate future cash flow on realistic assumptions
- Develop an investment strategy for your capital and surplus income in accordance with risk and return expectations, flexibility and accessibility with which you are comfortable
- Become aware of the tax issues that are likely to arise on your own death and that of your partner
Planning to achieve your goals
With every financial corner you turn, it is important to run through the numbers, which will help you make the right financial decisions. It is important to be specific.
For example, it is not enough to say, ‘I want to have enough to retire comfortably.’ You need to think realistically about how much you will need – the more specific you are, the easier it will be to come up with a plan to achieve your goals.
If your needs are not accurately established, then the cash flow modelling forecast will not be seen as personal, and therefore you are unlikely to perceive value in it. Some years, there may not be any change, or just small tweaks.
However, in other years, there may be something significant. Either way, you will need to ensure things are up to date in order to keep your own peace of mind knowing your plans are still on track.
Growing your wealth
Goals based investing
- Cash flow modelling
- Creating a financial roadmap
- Investment objectives
- Timescales and market activity and the impact of losses
- ‘What if’ scenarios
- Discussing legacy planning with your loved ones
- Inheritance Tax (IHT)
- Inheritance Tax Residence Nil Rate Band (RNRB)
- Lasting power of attorney
- Lifetime transfers
- Making a Will
- Preserving wealth for future generations
- Protecting your assets for the next generation
- Slicing up your wealth pie
- Children’s pensions
- Defined benefit (or final salary) pensions
- Defined contribution pensions
- Personal pensions
- Self-Invested Personal Pensions (SIPPs)
- The state pension
- Annual allowance and lifetime allowance limits
- Busting myths about pensions
- Increases to pension age and new normal minimum pension age
- Pension freedoms
- Pension withdrawal methods
- The lifetime allowance
- Delaying retirement
- Generating income from investments throughout your retirement years
- Importance of a retirement wealth check
- Retirement goal setting
- Retirement planning
- Reviewing your retirement plan
- Staggered retirement
- Taking control of your retirement plans
- What can I do with my pension?
- What happens to my pension on death?
- Discretionary Fund Managers
- Market timing
- Minimising risk
- Multiple asset classes
- Portfolio insulation
- Pound cost averaging
- Principles of investing